Graphic novels belong in the classroom

Pages from Stitches: A Memoir by acclaimed author David Small.

Pages from Stitches: A Memoir by acclaimed author David Small.

A young girl, a primary-schooler with a well-worn library card, was enthusiastically reading a riveting memoir when a stern tone descended upon her.

“What is that?” the teacher asked/accused.

“It’s a graphic novel,” came the girl’s reply.

Such works, the girl was told, were unacceptable for classroom “reading time,” let alone for a book report. The teacher’s sharp ruling boiled down to a four-word excuse for banishment:


“Graphic. Novels. Aren’t. Books.”


Here we go again...

Really? Two decades after Art Spiegelman’s landmark Holocaust graphic novel “Maus” won the Pulitzer Prize and helped stake a fresh claim for comics as literature — paving the way for the appreciation of such works as “Persepolis” and “Blankets” and “American Born Chinese” — do a significant number of teachers and administrators remain mired in such backward thinking?

Unfortunately, my rhetoric is rhetorical. These curricular “world-is-flat’ers” are still thick on our school grounds. But it’s time for the culture’s tectonic plates to more rapidly force a shift in academic thought.

As we step into 2014, this lingering bias in curriculum needs to cease. We fervently urge the least enlightened of our educators to catch up with the rest of the class. And to make our case, let us present Exhibit A:

The young girl who faced that rebuke of illustrated books was a relative of mine. And that book (a-hem) in question was “Stitches: A Memoir,”acclaimed author David Small’s poignant personal story of a dysfunctional childhood home — including his adolescent battle with throat cancer, which may have been caused by his doctor-father’s early over-embrace of X-ray radiation. In Small’s masterful prose and liquid pictures, we vividly experience the voiceless boy-patient’s raw emotions.

Even four years ago, quite a few people would have begged to differ with that school teacher. “Stitches” climbed the bestseller list of the New York Times, which deemed the book worthy of review; was named one of the best books of the year by such outlets as Publishers Weekly; and was a finalist for the 2009 National Book Award for Young People’s Literature. No less than Pulitzer Prize-winning cartoonist/author/playwright/screenwriter Jules Feiffer said aptly of Small’s masterpiece: “It left me speechless.”

Of the teacher’s wrong-headed thinking, I was left speechless. Her decision was not a mere judgment against one book, but an ignorant indictment of all graphic novels. As blanket criticism, it was unabashedly threadbare.

Consider my commentary here, then, to be a criticism of that criticism. Because what the larger academic problem calls for is not damnation, but persuasion. A struck match. Into Plato’s cave, let us bring truer illumination.

What follows is not some broad indictment of modern education. I was born into a brood of teachers — the family crest might as well be a chalkboard — and I deeply value what too often is one of the nation’s more thankless and underpaid cornerstone careers. Plus, as an artist who has spoken to thousands of impressive educators — many of whom appreciated my history-themed syndicated comic strip — I applaud those who thoughtfully and passionately help inform and shape young minds, while keeping an open mind themselves. On this front, so many of them “get” it.

What this essay is, at heart, is an extended hand in the name of better understanding — especially as our schools are filled with so-called “reluctant readers” and other struggling learners. We face an educational imperative: Why not use every effective teaching tool at our disposal? Decades of studies have shown the power of visual learning as an effective scholastic technique. Author Neil Gaiman (winner of the Newbery and Carnegie medals for children’s lit) recently noted that comics were once falsely accused of fostering illiteracy. We now know that comics — the marriage of word and picture in a dynamic relationship that fires synapses across the brain — can be a bridge to literacy and a path to learning. Armed with that knowledge, the last thing we need blocking that footbridge is the Reluctant Teacher.

The writing is on the classroom wall. As generations are weaned on the Internet, our culture grows ever more visual. And the take-home lesson is this:

Let us meet our young minds where they live.

Let us smartly employ the resources of visual learning.

Let us begin.



  • I'm proud to say definitely coming around on this subject. As a school teacher I'll admit my own former snobbery in regard to what children have read in my classroom. It probably just stemmed from my own education when boys caught reading comics were chastised and, ignorantly, I just did the same.
    But what is the purpose of reading? As a teacher it is my role to teach the mechanics of reading, an appreciation for the written word and how to gain an understanding of what is being read so that we can learn independently for further education, self-interest and enjoyment.
    Children are exposed to a range of text types (chosen by the teacher) in formal leaning settings but when it comes to independent 'free' reading, children get a chance to practise all the strategies they've learned in class. One such strategy is encouraging young readers to look at the pictures for clues; non fiction texts usually include diagrams and photos to enhance understanding.
    So now, I honesty don't see the problem. Some people are just more visually stimulated by pictures and the quality of the work is fantastic. If you can learn while enjoying yourself, how could that possibly be a bad thing?

    Date and time
    January 07, 2014, 11:08AM
    • See, I would've put V for Vendetta rather than Watchmen. But that's just my personal opinion...

      But if we're talking comics (graphic novels are just a fancy name!) that you should read, here's one:

      It's currently being released very slowly online but you can buy a PDF copy of it and read the whole thing for about $AU1.10. It'll break your heart but it's equally uplifting at the same time.

      Date and time
      January 07, 2014, 2:56PM
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